Aliyev's critics say the September referendum - which also extended the presidential term from five to seven years - effectively guaranteed a dynastic rule. The opposition has termed Aliyev's move as the 'first step to the establishment of an absolute monarchy'.
After growing up in what she describes as a "family of intelligentsia" in Baku, Mehriban studied at the 1st Moscow State Medical Institute.
Mr Aliyev said his wife had for many years played an important role in social, political, cultural and global affairs.
An eye doctor by training, Mehriban hails from one of Azerbaijan's wealthiest and most influential families, the Pashayevs. At the moment, she is the first lady and the vice president of the nation. Whenever the President of the Azerbaijan Republic resigns from his post ahead of time, extraordinary elections of the President of the Azerbaijan Republic are held during the period of 60 days.
President Ilham Aliyev thanked the Turkish President for his attention and congratulations.
According to the new rules, the first vice-president assumes leadership of the country if the president dies or becomes incapacitated.
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Incidentally, the charging case and charging cord can also be purchased from the website for $49.99 and $9.99, respectively. While the spectacles have not generated significant revenue so far, they have created a lot of publicity for the company.
The newly reformed constitution also established a more junior Vice President role, although that post still remains vacant.
She also is a goodwill ambassador of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
"The move throws Azerbaijan back to medieval, feudal times", opposition leader Isa Gambar of Musavat had said.
Her personal website adds that Aliyeva was awarded the Heydar Aliyev Order for her work resulting in the "development of culture, education and healthcare in the Republic of Azerbaijan", and "great services to the organisation of the 1st European Games". Azeri president Ilham Aliyev signed the relevant decree on Tuesday.
She pays a lot of attention to luxury and has been featured in Wikileaks' US diplomatic cables.
"First Lady Mehriban Aliyeva appears to have had substantial cosmetic surgery, presumably overseas, and wears dresses that would be considered provocative even in the Western world", the leaked 2010 cable said.