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However that should happen soon after NASA's upcoming mission to the sun. However, the atmosphere above it is a sizzling two million degrees Celsius. The Solar Probe Plus mission was announced in 2008, with Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory announcing it will design and build the spacecraft.

Recently NASA had told about its plan to launch the Solar Plus Probe which will be much helpful for the scientist to check the solar events.

"Without advance warning, a huge solar event could cause two trillion dollars in damage in the USA alone, and the eastern seaboard of the United States could be without power for a year", the Solar Probe mission page reads, "In order to unlock the mysteries of the corona, but also to protect a society that is increasingly dependent on technology from the threats of space weather, we will send Solar Probe Plus to touch the sun".

We live in the sun's atmosphere!

Scientists first learned of the solar wind when they discovered that the tails of comets are always pointed away from the Sun, regardless of the direction in which the comet is traveling.

Until we can explain what is going on up close to the sun, we will not be able to accurately predict space weather effects that can cause havoc at Earth.

First, the mission will hopefully unveil why the surface of the Sun, called the photosphere, is not as hot as its atmosphere, called the corona. The sun surface is about 10,000 degrees, downright chilly compared to its atmosphere that cooks at 3.5 million degrees. Further, this doesn't sit well with the general notion of "the farther you go from the source of heat, the colder it gets" and that's why it a big puzzle.

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Researchers also want to know how the solar wind get its speed as well as why the sun occasionally produces high-energy particles known as solar energetic particles.

U.S. space agency NASA wants to send a mission to the Sun with the aim of solving some of the most perplexing questions about our host star.

In order to unlock the mysteries of the corona, but also to protect a society that is increasingly dependent on technology from the threats of space weather, we will send Solar Probe Plus to touch the sun.

Technological and infrastructure affected by space weather events.

If these protections work as expected, the instruments in the probe will stay at room temperature, Christian concluded.

The closest any other probes have come to the Sun are Helios 1, which launched in late 1974 and studied it from a distance of 29 million miles (47 million km), and Helios 2, which launched in 1976 and approached the Sun at slightly over 27 million miles (44 million km).


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